Written By – Mitali Merchant
Talaq — the Arabic word for divorce — three times can instantly end their marriages .The convenience for men getting such divorce can be in person, over the phone, in a letter or even on WhatsApp.
With such divorces, which are available only to men, husbands can abandon their wives from their homes, usually without any alimony or other financial support, leaving the women helpless and with few resources. Half of Muslim women in India are illiterate, and only 14 percent have ever worked outside the home as also, for every divorced Muslim man, there are four divorced Muslim women.
One of such victim, shayara bano, gathered courage and took the matter to court to fight for equality. Her petition seeks the Supreme Court to declare talaq-e-bidat, polygamy and nikah halala illegal and unconstitutional on the grounds that they violate the rights guaranteed by the Constitution under Articles 14, 15, 21 and 25.
After being married for 15 years, Shayara’s husband gave her triple talaq in October 2015. The woman from Uttarakhand then approached the Supreme Court in 2016, challenging the validity of muslim laws and such practices against women.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has lent his support to the Muslim women fighting against the practice of triple talaq.
After days of a historic hearing in the triple talaq case, the Supreme Court concluded arguments and reserved its verdict, which is expected to come out in July.
In many Muslim-majority countries, religious leaders cast down on the practice and note that the Quran recommends that couples make a genuine effort to solve their differences before parting ways, said Julie Macfarlane, a law professor at the University of Windsor who wrote a book on Islamic divorce law.