Infertility its causes and solutions

Living in a country like India, as soon as you hit the “ The Age of Marriage” relatives start looking for ‘the one’ for you without bothering about your consent, it’s a national obsession! But the misery doesn’t end there because you’re expected to have a child WITHIN A YEAR. But what if you don’t? well then you’re on top of the gossip list. Sometimes the issues are serious and is more of a helpless situation than a choice. Yes, I’m talking about infertility.

Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after one year of unprotected sex or the inability to carry a pregnancy to live birth.


Now, we all have this one notion, “poor woman has infertility issues” but hey? It could be the man too. Why does no one talk about that? Many of the men suffering from this issue have explained that the problem of infertility somewhat challenged their masculinity and made them feel like less of a man. Other men think of it as an embarrassment.

About 45 per cent of couples face infertility problems. The % is high as the issue is not only limited to women, as stated by christian nordqvist on Medical News Today. The most common problems faced by men are low sperm count, morphology abnormalities and low motility of sperm.

“Rough estimates suggest that nearly 30 million couples in the country suffer from infertility, making the incidence rate of infertile couples at 10 per cent. This is a huge number and increasingly, we have seen cases of male infertility rising due to several lifestyle changes along with the medical complications,” said the doctor at Fortis Hospital, Mohali.

Here are some reasons leading to problems of Infertility:

-Poor egg health
-Problems with one or more of the endocrine glands

-Drinking and Smoking

-Increase in Marital Age
-Poor Nutrition
-Poor lifestyle choices
-Low Body Weight
-Genetic predisposition

Some fertility issues can be more easily treated than others. In general, as a woman ages, especially after age 35, her chances of conceiving go down and her risk of miscarriage goes up.

Age of women, place of residence, standard of living, nutrition, emotional balance, working status of women, and region are some of the demographic factors related with the rate of infertility. Infertility rate is high among women in urban areas. This may be due to lifestyle or a later age at first marriage.


PLANNING –   What’s most important is that you and your partner have understanding and plan your treatment. Not only that, you must also plan about how far you went to go with surgery, whether you want to be treated with medicines or you want to take a step ahead to surgery.


Though the problem is on the rise, the good part is that 80 per cent of the infertility problems can be corrected through simple medication. Advanced treatment methodologies like the IVF or egg donation is required in 20 per cent of the complicated cases.

Written By – Mitali Merchant

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